The 1850 United States Census Recorded the Size of the Exodus from the State of Virginia
The Federal Census of 1850 found more than 388,000 native Virginians living in other states - 85,000 had migrated to Ohio alone as the map below illustrates. The 388, 000 does not include a much larger number of emigrant Virginians who were no longer living in 1850. Nor does it include their children and grandchildren who were estimated in the millions by 1850. For comparison, the remaining population of Virginia was about 950,000 in 1850.