Reconstruction of a Small Virginia House at the Yorktown Victory Center.
Typical of the Virginia House, it was built on hole-set posts which would eventually rot. The sides and roof are covered with light weight but structurally strong clapboards of either oak or chestnut. Notice the ends of the "Tie Beams" (joist) projecting just below the bottom of the roof which support the roof rafters. This dwelling has a brick chimney which only the better off could afford. Most houses of this era would have a wood framed chimney lined with clay.
If you came to this webpage directly, you may read more about the innovation of Virginia House here (link) .